Final thesis defense. How do I answer a commission question?

Jul - 04

Final thesis defense. How do I answer a commission question?

One of the most important tasks for students who have completed their final bachelor’s or master’s thesis is the procedure of work protection. If our team can help you with a variety of final thesis questions, facilitate the writing process and save you time, help develop a quality PowerPoint presentation, and the success of bachelor or master thesis defense depends on you. The defense procedure consists of several stages, of which the most exciting and least predictable are questions asked by the members of the final defense commission. This is another opportunity for the student to provide as much information as possible about his research, to demonstrate how well he understands the study material. At the same time, it is also the worst part of the job defense, because one can only guess what the commission members will ask. Remember that you are experts in the topic of the defense you are investigating. This is your advantage during the undergraduate defense process.


Get ready to defend your final thesis when you haven’t yet. Discuss with the work supervisor what questions he would ask you if he were a member of the commission. The supervisor is deeply familiar with your work in order to provide both general and specific questions that you can focus on in preparation for the defense.

Read your final thesis before defending. Prepare a ready-made speech against family members, friends or roommates and ask them to ask as many questions as possible.

The lists of members of the final defense commission are usually published in advance on the faculty website. Find out what people are going to get into your final job defense commission. This is probably the scientists you know. Consider the scientific interests of the commissioners to think about what they might care or snag in your research.

A review can help in this respect: think about it, which part of the bachelor’s or master’s thesis might be weaker and get ready to explain it further. If some aspects of your research have come to the reviewer, you can ask questions from the commission.

As an expert on the topic, you should think about the issues you would have if you were sitting in a commission. Try to come up with the most diverse questions – even if they look very simple at first glance. This will prepare you for a quick answer to any question.

Train a few sentences to describe your bachelor’s or master’s essence. It seems simple, but it is not. In order to answer, you must have a good knowledge of your work. If you know how to answer the question properly when you go to defense, consider yourself ready for all the commission’s questions.

The questions asked are likely to be related to the content and structure of your work, the methodology chosen and the relevance of the written work. The Commission can ask you about the innovativeness of your research, what you did differently from previous researchers, and how valuable the results you get are. In any case, be prepared to justify the importance and significance of your work, to indicate its place in research in the field, and to link the results to existing theories. Try to emphasize what gaps your research fills.

Questions about working methods are often asked. If you have used some method that is not common or less frequent in your field research, it is specific, almost guaranteed to ask you about it. Get ready to justify your choice.

Then, with your suggestions and suggestions, be ready to explain and argue them.

Remember, the questions asked by the commissioners are usually much simpler than you imagine before the defense.


Before defending, make sure you have a glass of water on the table. Excitement often drys your throat, and you don’t really need any more discomfort for what you feel like when you defend a bachelor’s or master’s thesis. If necessary, do not be afraid to drink water before answering the question.

If the defenses take place for all defenders in the same room, please note what questions the commission members ask your colleagues about the level of complexity of those issues. This will guide you to what to expect when your turn comes.

It is normal for you to worry about defending the final thesis. Probably the most intense heart and sweat palms will be when your work is defended by a colleague, but after that is your turn. It may be that your excitement will come out of some shaky voice or hands. Excitement helps to think faster and more intensely, so a little fret is even useful. When you start talking yourself, the excitement will decrease. You won’t be able to get to the end, so don’t expect to be completely relaxed. Allow me to think well before answering the question. This will reduce the likelihood of expansions and unnecessary things.

Remember that every student who has a final bachelor or master thesis must deal with similar emotions. So the members of the defense commission are well aware that you will be nervous – everybody is nervous. Don’t worry too much about what the commission will think about you because they are used to it.

Listen to the full question. If you have not understood or failed to do something, ask the commissioner to repeat or refine the question. By refining, he will probably paraphrase the question, sometimes even telling a part of the answer, which will help you understand it better and give you time to think.

Check out the questions you ask – they are likely to be complex and may consist of several parts. You will also have time to think about the answer when you write down the question. There is no need to answer the question at the moment, and let me think a little.

Keep in mind that commission members do not seek to frustrate you and ask questions to see how deeply you know the topic and how you think. Some specific questions are asked because previous investigators have not yet found an answer to them, and the members of the commission are wondering if you have touched on that. It is not bad to answer this question without knowing.

One of the signs of excitement is fast speaking.

When we worry, it’s hard to stop ourselves; then we speak sentences of unreasonable length, we drink everything we know, we talk so much that sometimes we can forget what question was asked, and listeners may not understand what we wanted to say. We get lost in the monologue, we don’t know how to come back to the essence, which makes it even more frustrating and talking more. If this happens, try to calm down, stop, just go back to the question and finish talking as soon as you answer it.

You can start by saying the phrase: “This is a good question.” Such a start will not only delight the listener, but will also give you extra time to think. In addition, you will show that you have understood the question well and have probably thought about it yourself.

Do not be afraid to say “do not know”, but, of course, do not answer all the questions. If you don’t know the answer, try to say it so that the answer sounds professional. You can use phrases like: “I don’t know, but I would think”, “I didn’t investigate this aspect of this topic, but I think it could be done …”, “Don’t answer this question unambiguously…” Show that you understand the problem you are and the commission will certainly appreciate this.

Try to answer simple questions as easily as possible. Don’t overload your answers with unnecessary, meaningless phrases, and complicated terms. If you need to use some specific terms to answer, try to explain them as easily as possible.

It may happen that some members of the final thesis defense committee will want to show their full-scale education. Such speeches are not a criticism for you, it is just another opportunity for teachers to demonstrate their unquestionable competences. Accept their advice, appreciate good ideas, thank you for your comments, and so please. After all, you have already written a bachelor’s or master’s thesis, no one will dare to overwrite it and be sure to supplement the thoughts expressed by the commission members.

Occasionally, there are some members of the commission who strongly criticize each final thesis. Defending a Bachelor’s or Master’s Thesis is not a place to devote to such discussions. Usually, other members of the commission notice such criticism and look at it with some skepticism. Listen to the comments, and only go into disputes if you are 100% confident in your righteousness, you can hurt the arguments and you really have nothing to lose. In other cases, don’t engage in discussions.

Keep in mind that nobody knows the problem you researched as well as you do. So you have an advantage over the commission. If you answer the questions by demonstrating knowledge and showing which surveys and methods the topic can develop, you will appear as a real professional.

After all, the most important thing is whether your written work is of high quality and whether you really know your topic. Even if you are not able to fully calm down your defense and your voice will shake when answering the questions, the final thesis will certainly not suffer. The most important thing is that you know your bachelor’s or master’s thesis “transversely”; then even the question to which you do not know the exact answer will not be terrible.

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